Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition in dogs. It can occur on different parts of the body, including the ears, the groin, the axillae, and the front legs. However, it is most commonly seen on the feet. If left untreated, it can lead to infections and can cause more severe symptoms.
Medications can help with itching and inflammation. Antihistamines and cortisone-type drugs are the most common medications used for atopic dermatitis. They reduce itching and inflammation and can also decrease resistance to infection. These drugs are not without side effects, though.
When choosing medication, it is important to know your dog’s individual needs. For example, a dog with a higher itch level might need a lower dose of medication. Also, the amount of time it takes for a drug to take effect may need to be adjusted.
Another approach to managing atopic dermatitis is to remove problematic allergens. Food is one of the most common culprits of allergic reactions, as are other material and environmental allergens. In addition, fleas can trigger flare-ups.
There are many treatment options for atopic dermatitis in dogs. The most effective is to eliminate the underlying cause of the problem. This can be done through allergy testing and diet elimination trials. Other treatments include antimicrobials, antibiotics, and antipruritics.
Topical products may also be used to help with atopic dermatitis. Some products reduce the irritant’s exposure to the skin’s immune system, and others can help to repair the epidermal barrier.